Film producer

 

A film producer is someone who creates the conditions for making movies. The producer initiates, co-ordinates, supervises and controls matters such as fund-raising, hiring key personnel and arranging for distributors. The producer is involved throughout all phases of the film-making process from development to completion of a project.

In the first half of the 20th century, the producer also tended to wield ultimate creative control on a film project. In the U.S., with the demise of Hollywood's studio system in the 1950s, creative control began to shift into the hands of the director.

Changes in movie and film distribution and marketing in the 1970s and '80s gave rise to the modern-day phenomenon of the Hollywood blockbuster, which tended to bring power back into the hands of the producer. While marketing and advertising for films accentuates the role of the director, apart from a few well-known film-makers, it is usually the producer who has the greatest degree of control in the American film industry.

Traditionally, the producer is considered the chief of staff while the director is in charge of the line. This "staff and line" organization mirrors that of most large corporations and the military. Under this arrangement, the producer has overall control of the project and can terminate the director, but the director actually makes the film. The "line producer" is thus a producer who assists with day-to-day financial and production concerns "on the line" as the film is being made.

 

Definitions

Producer: the individual who has the greatest involvement and oversight among a film's various producers. In smaller companies or independent projects, may be the equivalent of the executive producer.

Executive producer: In major productions, usually a representative or CEO of the film studio - although the title may be given as an honorarium to a major investor - often oversees the financial, administrative and creative aspects of production, though not technical aspects. In smaller companies or independent projects, may be synonymous with creator/writer.

Co-producer: A producer who reports to the Executive Producer and provides money to finance a project. In large productions, the co-producer is more involved in the day-to-day production. In independent projects, the title can connote an involvement in the inception of the production.

Associate producer: Usually acts as a representative of the Producer, who may share financial, creative, or administrative responsibilities, delegated from that producer. Often, a title granted as a courtesy or to one who made a major financial or creative contribution to the production.

Assistant producer: Usually works under the direction of the Associate Producer.

Production director: A representative of the film company assigned to the set and given the authority to act on behalf of the senior production-team members.

Line Producer: Oversees a film's budget and day-to-day activities Production supervisor : Usually performs managerial duties on one aspect of the production.

Production manager: Manages the studio.

Post production supervisor: Usually performs the post team in movies.

Production designer: Usually builds a studio.

Administrative Producer: Reports to the Board of Directors. Freelancers are employed by the Administrative Producer for specific tasks such as press and publicity activities, design, production management, etc.

 

Some notable film and television producers

J. J. Abrams - Lost, Cloverfield, Alias, Mission Impossible III (film), Star Trek (film), Fringe

Moustapha Akkad - the Halloween film series

Jim Carrey - Bruce Almighty , Fun with Dick and Jane (2005 film) , Yes Man (film)

Judd Apatow -The Cable Guy, Anchorman, The 40 Year Old Virgin, Knocked Up,

Superbad, Freaks and Geeks

Ben Stiller - Blades Of Glory, Zoolander , The Ruins, Tropic Thunder

Avi Arad, The Spider-Man (film series), X-Men (film series), Blade films.

Since the first Blade film, Avi Arad has produced every Marvel film

Sandra Bullock - Hope Floats, Gun Shy, Miss Congeniality, Murder By Numbers,

Two Weeks Notice, Miss Congeniality 2: Armed & Fabulous, All About Steve, George Lopez (TV series).

Drew Barrymore - Donnie Darko, Never Been Kissed, Duplex, Music and Lyrics,

Charlie's Angels film series.

Lawrence Bender - Pulp Fiction, Kill Bill, An Inconvenient Truth, Reservoir Dogs

Armyan Bernstein - Air Force One, The Hurricane, Children of Men, Bring It On

Charlie Lyons - The Guardian, The Water Horse, The Half Life of Timofey

Berezin, Mardi Gras

Albert R. Broccoli, Michael G. Wilson, and Barbara Broccoli - The James Bond series

Mel Brooks - The Elephant Man (film), The Fly (1986 film), Frances, 84 Charing

Cross Road

Jerry Bruckheimer - Top Gun, Crimson Tide, The Rock, Con Air, National

Treasure, Pirates of the Caribbean films

Tim Burton - The Nightmare Before Christmas, Cabin Boy, James and the Giant

Peach (film), 9 (2008 film)

Ethan Coen - Blood Simple, Raising Arizona, Barton Fink, Fargo (film), No

Country for Old Men

Tom Cruise - The Mission: Impossible films, Vanilla Sky, Narc, The Others,

Minority Report, War Of The Worlds, The Last Samurai, Shattered Glass, etc.

Frank Daniel Czech writer, director, teacher, and producer most notable for developing the sequence paradigm of screenwriting.

Dean Devlin - Independence Day, Godzilla, The Patriot

Michael Douglas - Romancing the Stone, Jewel of the Nile, One Flew Over the

Cuckoo's Nest.

Eric Eisner - produced Risky Business and Beetlejuice while at the Geffen

Company; produced Hamlet 2 as head of L+E Productions.

Nora Ephron - Michael, You've Got Mail, Bewitched

Robert Evans - Love Story, The Godfather, Chinatown, The Saint

Gene Fallaize - Outlaw

Chantal Feghali - Alexander, Cloverfield, Terminator Salvation, (2009) - World

Trade Center, I Know What You Did Last Summer, The Score, Sleepy Hollow, I

Still Know What You Did Last Summer

Peter Fonda - Easy Rider

Mel Gibson - Braveheart

Richard N. Gladstein - Finding Neverland, The Bourne Identity, Pulp Fiction, and The Cider House Rules.

Charles (Chuck) Gordon - Field of Dreams, Waterworld, Die Hard, Die Hard II (film)

Brian Grazer - Splash, Parenthood, Apollo 13, The Grinch, A Beautiful Mind,

The Da Vinci Code

Matt Groening - The Simpsons, Futurama, The Simpsons Movie

Howard Kazanjian - Raiders of the Lost Ark, Return of the Jedi, Demolition Man

Yash Chopra and Aditya Chopra - Dilwale Dulhaniya Le Jayenge, Veer Zaara,

Dhoom 2, etc.

Shintaro Katsu - Shogun Assassin, and Zatoichi Meets Yojimbo.

Kathleen Kennedy - The Sixth Sense, Always, Munich, Jurassic Park I, III, and IV,

Alexander Korda - Things to Come, The Four Feathers (1939), The Thief of

Bagdad (1940)

Gary Kurtz - the original Star Wars trilogy

Mark Lamarr - Never Mind the Buzzcocks

George Lucas - Star Wars & Indiana Jones anthologies.

Branko Lustig - Schindler's List, Gladiator

Eric Manes - Voices of Iraq

Frank Marshall - The Bourne Identity, The Bourne Supremacy, The Bourne

Ultimatum, Back to the Future trilogy, Jurassic Park I to IV, The Sixth Sense.

Sandeep Marwah - producer of 1000 short films

W. David McBrayer - Beat the Drum

Rick McCallum - the Star Wars prequel trilogy

Walter Mirisch - West Side Story, The Sound of Music

Hayao Miyazaki - Whisper of the Heart

Scott Mosier - Clerks, 'Mallrats,Chasing Amy

Michael Nozik - Syriana, The Motorcycle Diaries, Quiz Show

Tyler Perry - Diary of a Mad Black Woman, Madea's Family Reunion

Jon Peters

Julia Phillips- The Sting, Taxi Driver, Close Encounters of the Third Kind

Hal Roach - the Our Gang series

Scott Rudin - No Country for Old Men, School of Rock, The Royal Tenenbaums,

Clueless

Harry Saltzman - The James Bond series, Battle of Britain, The IPCRESS File

Adam Sandler - The Waterboy, Big Daddy, Little Nicky, The Animal, Mr. Deeds,

Eight Crazy Nights, The Hot Chick, Anger Management, 50 First Dates, The

Longest Yard, Deuce Bigalow: European Gigolo, Click, Joe Dirt, I Now Pronounce You Chuck and Larry.

David O. Selznick - King Kong, Gone with the Wind

Run Run Shaw - Come Drink with Me, Five Deadly Venoms, The 36th Chamber of

Shaolin, Blade Runner

Joel Silver - The Matrix series, Lethal Weapon series, Predator, Veronica

Mars, V for Vendetta

Sam Spielberg - The African Queen, Bridge on the River Kwai, Lawrence of Arabia

Steven Spielberg - The Goonies, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, Poltergeist,

Transformers (executive)

Irving Thalberg - Mutiny on the Bounty, The Hunchback of Notre Dame, Grand

Hotel, A Night at the Opera

Fran Walsh - The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, King Kong, The Lovely Bones

(film), Halo (film)

Hal B. Wallis - The Maltese Falcon, Casablanca, Elvis Presley films

Robert Watts - Return of the Jedi, Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom,

Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade, You Only Live Twice

Harvey Weinstein

Ralph Winter - Star Trek V: The Final Frontier, Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered

Country, X-Men, Fantastic Four, X2: X-Men United

Buzz Feitshans - Rambo series, Die Hard: With a Vengeance, and Terminator 3:

Rise of the Machines.

Saul Zaentz - One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest, Amadeus, The English Patient

Robert Zemeckis - The Frighteners, Matchstick Men, Monster House

Darryl F. Zanuck - many Shirley Temple movies, The Grapes of Wrath, All About

Eve, The Longest Day

Elchin Musaoglu

 

Some independent film, television and new media producers

Atanas Ibba Mantchorov - Sunflowers - short movie, Ultimo spettacolo, Black&White in colors, My church is better than yours, Paul Inseen, Stop sex child, I guerrieri della notte, Pi-lady, One more time, Panic Dream, Un Orso in casa, Hotel Corridor

 

See also

List of Hollywood movie studios

List of movie-related topics

Producers Guild of America

Television producer

Contrast with Film director

Filmmaking

Film production

 

References

The Producer's Business Handbook by John J. Lee, Jr., Focal Press (2000)

From Reel to Deal by Dov S-S Simens, Warner Books (2003)

 

External links

Producers Guild of America Frequently Asked Questions